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Symptoms

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.

Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The condition of the person, their family lineage, the substance in question, and the person involved are some of the factors that determine the possible signs and symptoms of addiction.

Some of the symptoms and signs of drug dependence can include:

  • The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
  • The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
  • Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. Example is a smoker turning down a meeting with friends in an environment that is smoke free or an alcohol addict refusing to attend a profitable social gathering that does not involve alcohol.
  • Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
  • Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
  • Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
  • Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
  • Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
  • Binging - Taking a lot of the substance at the beginning. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
  • Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
  • Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
  • Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.

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Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.