What Is Drug Addiction?
Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
Rehabilitation from drug use should result in the patient:
- Stopping to require using the drug
- stay drug free
- Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Standards Of Effective Treatment
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
- Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
- There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
- Treatment needs to be readily available.
- Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
- A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
- As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
- Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
- The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
- Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
- During treatments, the use of drugs by the patient must be properly observed.
- The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Effective treatment comprises many steps:
- medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
- Therapy or counselling
- treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
- assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
- long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxing from the drug is not the only necessary treatment, merely the first step in the process. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Preventing A Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. It's really common for addicts to use more than one drug and they will need treatment for each substance.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
- Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
- carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
- Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
- Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
- contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. Authorised residential treatment centre offers 24-hour organized and proper care, including safe lodging and medicinal consideration. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
- Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
- Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
- Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. People can move onto independent life through recovery housing - it assists them for example to learn financial management or job hunting, while linking them to community based support groups.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.