Your level of alcohol dependence and the solution you seek, between reducing th amount you consume (moderation) and quitting completely (abstinence), will determine the method of treatment you will be given.
There is a limited counselling session termed brief intervention, which could be given to you if you have previously injured yourself due to alcohol or are concerned about your drinking habit.
Some of the issues that are addressed during these brief interventions include risks of your style of drinking, how you can reduce the amount you drink, how you can get support and emotional problems that may be behind your drinking and these interventions usually last for between 5 and 10 minutes.
To keep an account of the volume of alcohol you consume on a weekly basis, getting a "drinking diary" may be recommended. You may also be advised on how to drink when out with other people such as alternating between the alcohol and water/sodas/juices.
Stop drinking alcohol will provide excellent health advantages. As an initial step to abstinence, Moderation is an objective that's easier to achieve.
In addition, abstinence might be suggested in case you have already not succeeded with moderation.
If you have chosen moderation, you will be asked to attend counselling sessions in order to assess your progress and provide for the treatment and advice if required.
In order to assess the condition of your liver, constant blood tests may be carried out
You should go for medical counselling on how to cope with the withdrawal syndrome, if you have developed alcohol dependence.
Sobriety can be attained with prearranged medication for some addicts. In addition, you might opt to visit self-help groups, get prolonged counselling or experience a talking therapy like Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
The matter about how and where you should attempt a detoxification will be determined by the level of alcohol dependency you are suffering from. In moderate situations, you should be capable to detox in your house with no use of medicine as your withdrawal side effects should also be moderate.
You can still detox at your house with medication to reduce removal symptoms if your addiction is high (20 or more units a day) or you've been through removal symptoms before. Chlordiazepoxide is a sedative typically used for this reason.
You may have to go to a detoxification clinic or a hospital if your alcohol dependency has reached severe levels. This happens since the withdrawal side effects will also be intense and are more probable to need professional care.
The worst phase of withdrawal symptoms which will experience will begin within the first 48 hours. They should regularly begin to advance as your system starts to adapt being with no alcohol. The duration of these symptoms will be between three of seven days from the day you stopped drinking.
You'll have trouble sleeping. It will include finding it very difficult to sleep or having several short sleeping sessions at night. You should be prepared to expect these problems for the understanding that your sleep pattern will return to normal within a month.
Drinking a huge volume of fluids (three litres within 24 hours) during the detoxification period is compulsory. If you don't want to have more complications with sleeping and possible nervousness issues, stay away from taking big quantities of caffeinated drinks like tea and coffee. Better alternatives are drinks such as fruit juices and water.
Always look forward to having your meals regularly despite not being hungry. With time, you will gain back your appetite.
If you're using any medication in managing withdrawal symptoms, don't operate any heavy machines including cars. You could get dozy because of medication. Stick to the instructions on your prescription drugs.
You may feel a lot of stress during the detoxification period. If you are looking forward to relieving the stress, you should be trying to indulge in reading, listening to music, going on a walk and taking a shower. Get further information about stress control.
You should visit a medical professional regularly in case you're detoxing at home. This meeting could take place at a specialist NHS service, your GP practice or at home. Additionally, you will be offered the appropriate contact information for other guidance services should you need further assistance.
One essential place to start your journey to quit alcohol consumption is through withdrawal. On the other hand, withdrawal isn't an efficient medical care on its own. You will find it necessary to receive further treatment and support, which will be needed to assist you during the long-term.
For the treatment of the abuse of alcohol, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has named some drugs.
These medicines are talked over more below.
Once a person has successfully abstained for a certain period, Acamprosate which is available under the brand name Campral is used to keep them from relapsing. It is frequently used mixed with counselling to decrese the strong desires for alcohol.
Acamprosate works by influencing levels of a chemical in the brain known as Gamma-Amino-Butyric Acid (GABA). The urge to drink is believed to have something to do with the presence of GABA.
If you have been prescribed acamprosate you will notice that the course will start immediately as you begin withdrawing from alcohol and can last over a period of six months.
If you have fallen back to substance abuse in the past and are trying to achieve sobriety but think you can fail again, Disulfiram (commercial name is Antabuse) can be prescribed. Disulfiram stops you from consuming alcohol by provoking uncomfortable physical responses in case you drink.
Apart from alcoholic drinks, you are advised also to avoid all sources of alcohol because the unpleasant reactions can be induced.
Furthermore, you should attempt preventing elements that smells alcoholic fumes like paint thinners and solvents.
If you've been on disulfiram and stop taking the medication, you'll still experience these negative physical reactions for up to one week afterwards in case you interact with alcohol in any way.
While on disulfiram, you'll be checked by your doctors around every two weeks for the beginning two months and then a month for the following four.
When trying to avoid a relapse or trying to reduce a person's alcohol intake, Naltrexone can be used.
It stops the influence of alcohol by obstructing the opioid receptors of the body. It is often mixed with other medication or therapy.
If you have been recommended naltrexone, it is essential for you to understand that this medication can also stop painkillers, which contain opioids from working and include morphine and codeine.
Seek medical attention in case you start feeling ill when taking naltrexone and stop taking the medication.
Naltrexone intake can go up to six months and sometimes more.
Previously being prescribed any of these medicines, you will have a complete medical evaluation, such as blood tests.
Nalmefene [brand-name Selincro] could be used in order to prevent a relapse or limit the quantity of alcohol, which is had.
The drug reduces the urge to drink by blocking the brain's opioid receptors.
When you are under support to lower your alcohol intake and move on with treatment is the time to use Nalmefene.
Support groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous have helped many people struggling with alcohol addiction.
Primary among the beliefs of AA is that alcohol dependence is a long-term progressive illness which just has a single solution in the form of total abstinence.
In order to help you defeat alcohol dependence, they have formulated a 12 step programme.
The steps start with admittance that you have no power over your addiction and admitting that you've wronged others and also require you to try and make amends for your past mistakes.
You can read more about the 12 steps of Alcoholics Anonymous and alcohol support below.
This is a programme that is based on the 12-step program of Alcoholics Anonymous. The distinction is you work over the levels on a one-to-one basis with a counsellor than in a group.
If you are not comfortable sharing your problems in a group, then you may cherish this method more.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy where alcohol dependence is treated with a problem solving approach.
You will learn how to stay away from particular prompts and deal successfully with those that are inevitable thanks to your CBT therapist.
The effects of alcoholism are not limited to the person with the problem.
The family members of a person with an alcohol abuse problem also need support. Living with an individual that abuses alcohol may be nerve-racking, so getting assistance may frequently be very useful.
There is an amount of professionals alcohol services that give support and assistance for the family members and friends of the ones with alcohol dependence.
You may need a drink diary in case you're trying to lower or moderate your alcohol intake.
This will give you a proper estimate about how much you are drinking along with the information on the situations in which you are indulging in the habit of drinking and the method about how you can start to cut down.